The lives of children with serious and long-lasting conditions such as CKD are affected in many ways.
CKD can cause learning problems because the buildup of wastes in the body can slow down nerve and brain function.
Children with CKD may have trouble concentrating and may develop language and motor skills more slowly than their peers.
The most severe problems occur when CKD is present starting early in infancy.
CKD that leads to kidney failure—described as end-stage kidney disease or ESRD when treated with a kidney transplant or blood-filtering treatments called dialysis—can increase these challenges.
Fortunately, a kidney transplant can reverse or improve most of these problems.
Dialysis can also improve or correct these problems.Most children with CKD who receive appropriate treatment can attend school, graduate from high school, and go on to college or vocational school.However, families of children with CKD or kidney failure need to recognize that these children may need additional guidance and understanding.More information about kidney disease in children and its treatment is provided in the NIDDK health topics, Overview of Kidney Disease in Children and Treatment Methods for Kidney Failure in Children.[Top] Parents and other adults can help children with CKD fit in at school, deal with low self-esteem, make friends, be physically active, and follow their treatment regimen.As children with CKD approach adulthood, they may need help with preparing to enter the workforce.